Located in the south of Portugal, the Algarve has a very specific climate: it is near the sea, but also suffers the influence of the mountain (Espinhaço de Cão, Caldeirão and Monchique mountain ranges). The mountains are very important for this region’s agriculture, since they protect the farms from northern winds. This way, the climate is warm and dry, with low temperature range and an average of 3000 hours of sunshine per year.
Tourism development in the region was harmful to viticulture. The vines were replaced with hotels, tourism resorts and golf courses.
In the last couple of years, investments have been made to revitalise the wine sector. Some grape varieties were replanted, wineries were modernised and new production methods were introduced.